These are the slides for my second session covering the following topics

  1. Navigation, Latitude and longitude

  2. Portolan charts and the invention of the Americas

  3. Georectification of historic cartography

  4. Projections and the subjective viewpoint of mapmakers and their audiences

  5. Authorship of historical maps, appropriation and plagiarism

  6. Invisible native inhabitants of the Americas

  7. Migrations, population movement and genetics

  8. Pirates and the defense of imperial territories